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July 27, 07

NEWS / U.S.- India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative - Bilateral Agreement on Peaceful Nuclear Cooperati

The United States and India have reached a historic milestone in their
strategic partnership by completing negotiations on the bilateral agreement for
peaceful nuclear cooperation, also known as the 123 Agreement. This agreement
will govern civil nuclear trade between our two countries and open the door for
American and Indian firms to participate in each otherís civil nuclear
energy sector.

The completed text of the proposed 123 Agreement is respectful of both the July
18, 2005, and March 2, 2006 Joint Statements issued by President Bush and Prime
Minister Singh. In addition, it is consistent with applicable U.S. law.

This agreement, about which the Administration briefed Congress regularly,
establishes the framework for full civil nuclear cooperation between the United
States and India.

Key features of the agreement:

*Confirms the desire of both countries to engage in full civil nuclear
cooperation, including research and development; nuclear safety; and
commercial trade in nuclear reactors, technology, and fuel;
*Affirms the fuel supply assurances made to India by President Bush on March
2, 2006, including creating the necessary conditions to allow India access
to the international fuel market, and by supporting the creation of an
Indian strategic fuel reserve;
*Grants consent to India for certain nuclear fuel cycle activities. In
particular, grants consent to reprocessing, with such right being brought
into effect by India establishing a new national facility under
International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards dedicated to reprocessing
safeguarded nuclear material, and our two countries agreeing on
arrangements and procedures under which reprocessing will take place;
*Commits India to appropriate safeguards on all civil nuclear material and
equipment subject to the agreement and to assuring that nuclear items
subject to the agreement will be used only for peaceful purposes, including
through a reaffirmation of Indiaís commitments to safeguards in
*Reinforces the commitment of both countries to global nonproliferation
*Preserves the rights of both countries to terminate cooperation and request
the return of transferred items under appropriate circumstances; and
*Creates the legal basis for the United States to be a stable, reliable, and
predictable supplier for Indiaís civil nuclear energy market.

The conclusion of negotiations on the 123 agreement opens the door for the
completion of the remaining steps in the broader U.S.-India Civil Nuclear
Cooperation Initiative. These steps include:

*Conclusion of a safeguards agreement between India and the International
Atomic Energy Agency applicable to Indiaís separated civil nuclear
sector and progress toward an Additional Protocol;
*Achievement of a consensus decision in the Nuclear Suppliers Group to make
an India-specific exception to the full-scope safeguards requirement of the
Groupís export guidelines; and
*Approval of the 123 Agreement by the U.S. Congress.

Civil nuclear cooperation between the United States and India will offer
benefits to both of countriesí citizens through enhanced energy security,
a more environmentally-friendly energy source, greater economic opportunities,
and more robust nonproliferation efforts.


Released on July 27, 2007
Office of the Spokesman
Washington, DC
Source: U.S. State Department



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